Dennis Núñez-Fernández

BSc in Electronic Engineering, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI)


Using Raspberry Pi GPIO ports in C/C++ with WiringPi library


Connect to RPI with SSH and Xephyr

We will use Raspbian Jessie.

First, on Ubuntu:

$ Xephyr -ac -br -keybd ephyr,,,xkbmodel=pc105,xkblayout=es -noreset -screen 1280x720 :1

Then, on RPI:

$ DISPLAY=:1 ssh -Y pi@10.42.0.246 $ startlxde


Installing Wiring Pi libraries

Update and upgrade the system:

$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get upgrade

Install Git:

$ sudo apt-get install git-core

Clone Wiring Pi from GitHub:

$ cd ~ $ git clone git://git.drogon.net/wiringPi

Go to the folder and pull:

$ cd wiringPi $ git pull origin

Then, compile Wiring Pi:

$ sudo ./build

That's all!!, you can verify that Wiring Pi is installed correctly and chech the version:

$ gpio -v gpio version: 2.44 Copyright (c) 2012-2017 Gordon Henderson This is free software with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. For details type: gpio -warranty Raspberry Pi Details: Type: Pi 3, Revision: 02, Memory: 1024MB, Maker: Embest * Device tree is enabled. *--> Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Rev 1.2 * This Raspberry Pi supports user-level GPIO access.


Example: Controlling led in C/C++ with Wiring Pi

Check the pins of the RPi 3:

$ gpio readall +-----+-----+---------+------+---+---Pi 3---+---+------+---------+-----+-----+ | BCM | wPi | Name | Mode | V | Physical | V | Mode | Name | wPi | BCM | +-----+-----+---------+------+---+----++----+---+------+---------+-----+-----+ | | | 3.3v | | | 1 || 2 | | | 5v | | | | 2 | 8 | SDA.1 | IN | 1 | 3 || 4 | | | 5v | | | | 3 | 9 | SCL.1 | IN | 1 | 5 || 6 | | | 0v | | | | 4 | 7 | GPIO. 7 | IN | 1 | 7 || 8 | 1 | IN | TxD | 15 | 14 | | | | 0v | | | 9 || 10 | 1 | IN | RxD | 16 | 15 | | 17 | 0 | GPIO. 0 | IN | 0 | 11 || 12 | 0 | IN | GPIO. 1 | 1 | 18 | | 27 | 2 | GPIO. 2 | IN | 0 | 13 || 14 | | | 0v | | | | 22 | 3 | GPIO. 3 | IN | 0 | 15 || 16 | 0 | IN | GPIO. 4 | 4 | 23 | | | | 3.3v | | | 17 || 18 | 0 | IN | GPIO. 5 | 5 | 24 | | 10 | 12 | MOSI | IN | 0 | 19 || 20 | | | 0v | | | | 9 | 13 | MISO | IN | 0 | 21 || 22 | 0 | IN | GPIO. 6 | 6 | 25 | | 11 | 14 | SCLK | IN | 0 | 23 || 24 | 1 | IN | CE0 | 10 | 8 | | | | 0v | | | 25 || 26 | 1 | IN | CE1 | 11 | 7 | | 0 | 30 | SDA.0 | IN | 1 | 27 || 28 | 1 | IN | SCL.0 | 31 | 1 | | 5 | 21 | GPIO.21 | IN | 1 | 29 || 30 | | | 0v | | | | 6 | 22 | GPIO.22 | IN | 1 | 31 || 32 | 0 | IN | GPIO.26 | 26 | 12 | | 13 | 23 | GPIO.23 | IN | 0 | 33 || 34 | | | 0v | | | | 19 | 24 | GPIO.24 | IN | 0 | 35 || 36 | 0 | IN | GPIO.27 | 27 | 16 | | 26 | 25 | GPIO.25 | IN | 0 | 37 || 38 | 0 | IN | GPIO.28 | 28 | 20 | | | | 0v | | | 39 || 40 | 0 | IN | GPIO.29 | 29 | 21 | +-----+-----+---------+------+---+----++----+---+------+---------+-----+-----+ | BCM | wPi | Name | Mode | V | Physical | V | Mode | Name | wPi | BCM | +-----+-----+---------+------+---+---Pi 3---+---+------+---------+-----+-----+

Use the next connection for wiring:

Create the file blink.c or blink.cpp:

#include <wiringPi.h> int main (void) { wiringPiSetup(); pinMode(0, OUTPUT); int i = 0; for (i = 0;i<10;i++){ digitalWrite(0, HIGH); delay(500); digitalWrite(0, LOW); delay(500); } return 0 ; }

Compile blink.c using:

$ gcc -Wall -o blink blink.c -lwiringPi

Or compile blink.cpp using:

$ gcc -Wall -o blink blink.cpp -lwiringPi

Execute using:

$ sudo ./blink


Resources

- http://www.mnp.cl/post/instalar-wiringpi-raspberry-pi-gpio-c.

- http://www.mnp.cl/post/controlar-led-gpio-raspberry-pi-c.